Staying in History

MELCHIOR TREUB

Melchior Treub was born in Voorschoten, Holland on December 26th, 1851. In 1873, he graduated in biology from the University of Leiden and later joined the Botanical Institute in 1874. In 1879, he was appointed as a member of the Royal Dutch Academy of Science (KNAW) and later promoted as the Director of the Buitenzorg Botanic Gardens in Java, where he set about a series of projects that earned him great respect.

Melchior Treub worked on tropical flora and organized the Botanical Garden as a world-renowned scientific institution of botany. One of his projects was adding a well-equipped laboratory to the herbarium and in 1885 charged the botanist Sijfert Koorders with the task of surveying Java’s forests. In 1886 he established a 280ha research reserve in Cibodas (now part of the Gunung Gede-Pangrango national park).

Melchior Treub brought the Buitenzorg gardens and herbarium to worldwide acclaim. Under his leadership, crucial research was successfully completed on plant diseases of economic crops. Under Treub’s direction, Buitenzorg became the leading center of research in tropical agriculture.

Melchior Treub was a botanical collector and traveled throughout the Indies (also known as Indonesia), and to the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Singapore, and Penang. He was interested in plant morphology and physiology and published treatises on the morphology of Balanophoraceae, Loranthaceae, and Lycopodiceae. He is credited for coining the term “protocorm” to describe the early stages in the germination of lycopods.

Melchior Treub established the Buitenzorg Landbouw Hogeschool, a school that later evolved into the Bogor Agricultural Institute (Institut Pertanian Bogor). In 1905, he became the Director of the newly established Department of Agriculture, Industry and Trade in the Dutch East Indies.

Melchior Treub received foreign recipient of the Linnean Medal in 1907 in London for his outstanding achievements in sciences. He also received the Dutch “Society for the Promotion of the Physical Exploration of the Dutch Colonies” which is now called Treub Maatschappij.

Melchior Treub returns to the Netherland in 1909 after working for nearly 30 years at the gardens. His health was deteriorated after he contracted illness during his botanical trip to Manila and had to take leave of absence due to his worsening health. He was then forced to retire from his post in and decided to settle back on a village of Saint-Raphael on the French Riviera, where he died in 1910 at the age of 58 years old.

Melchior Treub has contributed a tremendous amount of research during his time at the garden. His work was commemorated in the well-known moss genus Treubia, and several other plant genera and species. His contribution was also enshrined in the garden with a laboratory name after him as Treub Laboratory.

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Kebun Raya Bogor sprawling across 87 hectares land, is the noteworthy icon in Bogor’s life history, also considered as one of the Indonesian heritage. For centuries the magnificent garden has seen countless individuals streaming in and out of its site, attendees, tourists, or passers-by that are charmed by its verdant terrene from a nearby distance. The garden first open in 1817 and took it first form in the year of 1880 by Thomas Stamford Raffles, known for his Rafflesia Arnoldi, which until now still remain its presence in the garden. The opening of The Melchior comes in timely as Kebun Raya Bogor celebrates its 200 years in May 17th 2017.

There are plenty of things to do in the area, from exploring the garden with its 20,827 specimens of tropical plants to sightseeing the Presidential Palace. The Zoology Museum and the Presidential Museum are the two museums located within the area; both are a worthy place to visit.

Bogor Palace

Bogor Palace is located at the center of Bogor, side by side with the remarkabale and renowned Bogor Botanical Gardens.

Kampoeng Batik Bogor

Bogor is a special spot for one of Indonesia cultural heritage, batik. The place is filled with batik local store that offers visitor with various kinds of pattern, from the famous Mega Mendung to Kutu Baru.

Museum Kepresidenan Republik Indonesia

Is located inside the Bogor Palace. The museum was built as a tribute for the Presidents of Indonesia, and unveiled directly by the former President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. The museum also used as an educational attractions for kids. Distance : 750 m / Walking 9 min

Zoology Museum

Zoology Museum collects stuffs or fossil from the animal world of any specimens and it is well-preserved inside the museum.

Salak Mountain

Mount Halimun Salak National Park is a 400 km² conservation area comprises with two mountains, Mount Salak and Mount Halimun with 11 km forest corridor.

Ethnobotany Museum

This is location will be spoiled by the beauty of reliefs that exist on the surface of the entrance to the Museum of the Ethnobotany. Relief which is an attraction and beautiful art objects illustrates the various activities of both men and women in the countryside in this country.

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